Messianic Prophecy: Michoh 5:1 (2)
The Targums: the Aramaic translation of the Bible, which forms a part of the Jewish traditional literature.
Speaking of Michoh 5:1(2): “Out of thee Bethlehem shall Messiah go forth before me, to exercise dominion over Israel. Whose name has been spoken from of Old, from the day of Eternity.” Targum Jonathan
“Although thou art little among the thousands of Judah, out of thee shall come forth unto me a Judge to be ruler of Israel, and this is the King Messiah.” R. Kimchi
Micah’s prophetic ministry was during the last third of the eight century, during the reigns of Jotham (752-756 B.C.E.), Ahaz (736-720 B.C.E.), and Hezekiah(729-699 B.C.E.). Understanding who Michoh’s contemporaries were, Yesha’Yahu for one, is imperative to correctly placing his prophecies under the light of truth. David Ha Melech had been physically dead for over two hundred years. Thus the belief that Micol 5:1(2) could be talking about David Ha Melech is absurd.
Michoh 5:1(2) But thou, Beitlechem ephratah, though thou be little among the Alphei Yehuda(thousands of Yehudah), yet out of thee shall He (Moshiach) come forth unto Me (Hashem) that is that is to be Moshel Yisroel, whose goings forth (i.e.origins) have been from midedem,(from everlasting; mimei olam (from the days of eternity).
Ha Shem is very literal, and very specific in this prophecy to Klal Yisroel, as He is with many of the prophecies concerning the Meshiacs’ first coming. First, it’s interesting that there were two Beitlechem’s: one in the north given to the tribe of Zebulun, and the other in the South, in Yehudah, and called Beitlechem ephratah. Thus the One to be born sometime in the future from Michohs’ prophecy, whether one day in the future, one month, one year, or one thousand years in the future, would be born in the town of Beitlechem ephratah. This coming One would be ruler in Yisroel.
It is believed in the Orthodox Jewish climate of interpretation, that this is a Messianic prophecy of the place of the Anointed One’s birth. If the Anointed One were only coming once, then this would rule out Yeshua: since He was not a recognized ruler in Yisroel at His first coming, by those in power. However the Tenach with crystal clarity speaks of two comings. The Rabbis saw this and the Midrash is, if Yisroel was righteous when He came He would come with the clouds of heaven, Daniel 7:13. If Yisroel was not righteous, then He would come riding on the foal of a Donkey, Z’Kharyah 9:9.
When the Messiah was born in Beitlechem, and after literally turning the world upside down with Messianic Miracles, and His resurrection, Klal Yisroel was not righteous, the leadership had rejected Him, as was prophesied in Yesha Yahu 53:3 “He is despised and chadal ishim(rejected by men); a man of sorrows, and acquainted with suffering: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.” Therefore He rode into Yerushalayim on a foal of a donkey. When He comes again it will be at the end of the time of Ya’acovs’ trouble, klal Yisroel will have repented of the rebellion against the Meshiac, and they will be made righteous by the blood of the Kippura of the Messiah. Thus He will come with the clouds of heaven.
So in Michoh 5:1 One was coming, future from Michohs time, but incredibly He didn’t begin in the future, because His wanderings, goings forth, were from the days of olam vaed, the days of eternity. Now it has been argued that this was referring to His ancestors. The Messiah’s ancestors began long ago. The PROBLEM with this view, number one is, no one’s ancestors began in eternity past, everyones’ ancestors began at the earliest with Adam and Havah. Two, the parashah doesn’t say His ancestors goings forth, or His ancestors origins, it says’ His goings forth, His origins. Thus the One to be born in the future would take on a body, as any man, but He didn’t truly begin there, He never began, He was from Olam vaed. He existed in eternity past, along with Ha Shem.
What in the end we are truly dealing with here is the difference between the meanings of the word Echad and Yachid, for this please refer to the section on Elohim, and the Tri-Unity.
Thus Michoh’s parasha is unequivacably predicting that the Messiah will be born in Beitlechem ephratah, and that He would have Ha Shem’s essence and character in His body.